Adolphe William Bouguereau
Bouguereau made more than seven hundred finished works. French painter. From 1838 to 1841 he took drawing lessons from Louis Sage, a pupil of Ingres, while attending the coll?ge at Pons. In 1841 the family moved to Bordeaux where in 1842 his father allowed him to attend the Ecole Municipale de Dessin et de Peinture part-time, under Jean-Paul Alaux. In 1844 he won the first prize for figure painting, which confirmed his desire to become a painter. As there were insufficient family funds to send him straight to Paris he painted portraits of the local gentry from 1845 to 1846 to earn money. In 1846 he enrolled at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, in the studio of Francois-Edouard Picot. This was the beginning of the standard academic training of which he became so ardent a defender later in life. Such early works as Equality reveal the technical proficiency he had attained even while still training. In 1850 he was awarded one of the two Premier Grand Prix de Rome for Zenobia Discovered by Shepherds on the Bank of the River Araxes (1850; Paris, Ecole N. Sup. B.-A.). In December 1850 he left for Rome where he remained at the Villa Medici until 1854, working under Victor Schnetz and Jean Alaux (1786-1864). During this period he made an extensive study of Giotto's work at Assisi and Padua and was also impressed by the works of other Renaissance masters and by Classical art. On his return to France he exhibited the Triumph of the Martyr (1853; Luneville, Mus. Luneville; ) at the Salon of 1854. It depicted St Cecilia's body being carried to the catacombs, and its high finish, restrained colour and classical poses were to be constant features of his painting thereafter. All his works were executed in several stages involving an initial oil sketch followed by numerous pencil drawings taken from life. Though he generally restricted himself to classical, religious and genre subjects, he was commissioned by the state to paint Napoleon III Visiting the Flood Victims of Tarascon in 1856 Related Paintings of Adolphe William Bouguereau :. | Psyche | The Shell (mk26) | Idyii | The Flagellation of Christ (mk26) | The Bathers (mk26) |
Related Artists:Oliver Kemp
American, 1887-1934George John Pinwell,RWS
English illustrator and painter. He was born in humble circumstances and was largely untrained. He was briefly a student at St Martin's Lane Art School and at Heatherley's. From 1863 he contributed woodblock illustrations to magazines, establishing his reputation in 1865 with the Dalziel brothers' editions of The Arabian Nights and The Works of Oliver Goldsmith. Pinwell's finest drawings were commissioned for the Dalziels' poetry gift-books. With another illustrator, John William North (1842-1924), he worked at Halsway Manor in Somerset in 1865, experimenting with formal effects based on the structure of stone farm buildings or on the wooden beams of barn interiors (his drawings do not seem to have survived). Some of the illustrations for A Round of Days (1866) and Wayside Posies (1867) present an ideal vision of the countryside, but a vein of social concern is also present. In The Journey's End, from Wayside Posies, a strolling player lies dead, worn out by hardship and hunger. For an illustrated edition of Jean Ingelow's Poems (1867),James Digman Wingfield
(1800?C1872) was an English painter who flourished from around 1835 until his death in 1872. He is mainly known for historical subjects, as well as for landscapes, portraits, and interiors.
Wingfield was a member of the Royal Academy, where he displayed a number of portraits in 1835-1836. From then until 1872 he exhibited at least 38 works at the Royal Academy, 94 at the British Institution, and 41 at Suffolk Street Exhibitions (later to become the Royal Society of British Artists).He had a successful career: individual works by Wingfield were priced at around 100 pounds during his lifetime. Wingfield was a resident of London during the period that he was active and scenes of London were featured in his works.
Occasionally his paintings depicted specific incidents in literarture or history; Pope was a favorite. In his later years he painted interiors and garden and park scenes, with figures in period costume. His 1849 painting of the Schönheitsgalerie, or female portrait gallery, in Hampton Court was especially well-received. The painting was used for the cover of a recent (2005) history: Tudor and Stuart Britain, 1485?C1714, by Roger Lockyer.
Wingfield died in the spring of 1872; his works were sold by Christie's in July of the next year